Edificio Flatiron

Arquitecto: Daniel Burnham

Localización: Manhattan, Nueva York, Estados Unidos

Año: 1902

Fotografía de Dennis Heller

Diseñado por el arquitecto de Chicago Daniel Burnham, conocido por sus rascacielos, esta estructura de acero de terracota y el rascacielos de revestimiento de piedra representa la primera (y en última instancia infructuosa) de los desarrolladores para crear un nuevo centro de negocios al norte de Wall Street. La construyeron como un proyecto especulativo con la intención de alquilar oficinas para diversas empresas comerciales y financieras.

Fotografía de HyunJae Park

The Flatiron building
Fotografía de Michele Ursino

Teniendo la influencia de las tendencias arquitectónicas introducidas en la exposición colombina 1893 del mundo en Chicago, llamativo diseño de Burnham elementos de la arquitectura del renacimiento francés e italiano combina en un esfuerzo para atraer a las empresas a este barrio antiguo residencial y orientado al por menor. planta triangular del edificio era una respuesta inteligente al sitio incómodo producido por la intersección de Broadway y la Quinta Avenida. Su fachada ornamentada, pero comedido se compone de paneles de piedra y de barro cocido, cuyas formas simular los efectos de almohadillado. bahías ondulantes rompen la monotonía de la sección media altura del edificio. El efecto general es el de un palacio se extendía a gran altura. Aquí, por primera vez, la construcción de un rascacielos con estructura de acero fue presenciado en su totalidad por el público en general – un evento que ha generado mucha respuesta. El edificio fascinado fotógrafos y fue inmortalizado en la obra de Edward Steichen y Alfred Steiglitz.

Fotografía de O Palsson Seguir

Este edificio lírica sigue siendo el rascacielos más antiguo de la Nueva York. Aunque responsables de la chicagoan innovadores edificios Reliance, grajos y Monadnock, el arquitecto Daniel H. Burnham, mediante el uso de una exuberante mezcla de gótico y renacentista detallando (también conocido como Bellas Artes), fue acusado del clasicismo retrógrada por otros arquitectos de vanguardia como Louis Sullivan. No obstante, el más lleno, rápidamente apodado el “Flatiron”, fue un verdadero tour de force, ya que tenía la forma estricta de este sitio triangulada en particular, y en gran parte distante de sus vecinos más cercanos. Toda la concepción se basa en la columna de la Grecia clásica. En primer lugar, el edificio se divide en tres partes, la base de piedra caliza de color de ante almohadillada con ventanas recubiertas de cobre, el cuerpo principal de ladrillos de color pálido y terracota con miradores ondulantes inusuales y llenas de gracia, y el capital representado aquí por arcos y columnas rematada por una cornisa pesada proyectada y un techo con balaustrada plana. El carácter de columna griega se ve reforzada por la proa redondeada, creando la ilusión de una columna colosal independiente. Visto bajo otro ángulo, el Flatiron parece ser sólo una pared plana. 

Fotografía de barnimages.com

Source : NYC Architecture





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